2018, Number 1
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ABSTRACTBackground: newborn care is a challenge for the general practitioner, who must be trained for their follow up in the community. Objective: to elaborate an instructional manual to strengthen the training of the general practitioner in the newborn care, once it is incorporated into the community. Methods: a development research was carried out at Villa Clara University of Medical Sciences, from September 2015 to January 2016. Theoretical methods were used: analytic-synthetic and inductive-deductive; and empirical: documentary analysis, the survey in questionnaire form and the interview to key informants. The product was evaluated by specialists' criteria. Results: training needs were diagnosed regarding newborn care, due to lack of professional experience and few hours planned in the pediatric program for treatment, so important aspects are omitted; the majority of general practitioners consider that they have shortcomings in the management of the newborn, the high risk care and identification of alarming signs which suggest a neonatal disease that can be diagnosed in the community; there is no postgraduate modality to supply these insufficiencies, so an instructional manual on the subject was prepared. Conclusions: this material aid contributes to elevate the professional performance in the solution of the problem of newborn care in the medical practice; its study promotes the improvement of the health status of the newborn.
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