2017, Number 2
Geroinfo 2017; 12 (2)
Deterioro cognitivo leve y multimorbilidad en adultos mayores, evaluados en la clínica de deterioro cognitivo. CITED. 2014-2016
Varona GDG, Cascudo BN, Brenes HL
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ABSTRACTObjective: to characterize in a general way and according to the multimorbidity to the elderly with mild cognitive impairment, (MCI) evaluated in the Clinic of decline cognitive of the CITED, 2014-2016.
Method: study observational descriptive of traverse court from February 2014 until February 2016. The sample was constituted by 130 adults with MCI according to the approaches of Petersen. The dependent variable was the MCI and the independent ones: age, sex, educational level, civil state, tobacco, alcoholism, nontransferable illnesses, comorbidity level, types of MCI and multimorbidity. Scales were applied you diagnose selected.
Results: 72.3 % of the patient affections corresponded to the feminine sex and 49.2 % in the group of ages between 70 and 79 years. The half educational level prevailed in 44,6 %. The hypertension was present in 79.2 % and the ischemic cardiopatía in 28.5 %. high comorbidity Existed in 39.2 %. I Prevail in both sexes the DCL amnesiac of multiple domains. The hypertension reigns in all the types of DCL, while the ECV and the hypercholesterolemia were it in the DCL pure amnesiac. multimorbidity, existed in 50 % of the biggest adults with DCL.
Conclusions: The profile sociodemographic and of health of those studied was: woman, between 70 and 79 years, with half, divorced educational level, with under consumption of tobacco and alcohol, with high comorbidity and prevalence of the hypertension. They prevailed between 2 and 3 illnesses, mainly those that share a vascular profile.
Development: these investigations will be valued, concepts, approaches, controversies and the important relationship with the comorbidity. Conclusions: importance of enlarging the investigations in this given field the complexity in their diagnosis for their heterogenic dad and uncertainty for their value predictive. The importance of the early detection of the decline cognitive is vital due to the implications partner-singular, socioeconomic and family and its relationship with the comorbidity that will allow to continue perfecting the diagnostic tools of this entity.