2018, Number 2
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ABSTRACTInfertility in couples has been increasing worldwide. There are a lot of causes involved in this issue, however one factor that is gaining a greater presence and importance is air pollution. Although both women and men can present alterations that prevent them from being fertile, this review describes two factors that are known to affect female reproductive health: lifestyle and environmental pollution.
Lifestyle factors that affect reproductive health in women include smoking, obesity, stress, and deferment of motherhood. Regarding air pollution, it is known that organo-chlorinated pesticides, fossil fuel derivatives, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, sulfur and nitrogen oxides, metals and suspended particles all produce adverse effects in the possibility of getting pregnant. The increasing body of epidemiological and experimental evidence shows a consistent relationship between the presence of these factors and the issues that a growing number couples around the world present to conceive a child.
Along with the lifestyle, pollution is a common cause of infertility in the population in many countries of the world. Hence, it is essential to raise awareness in the population about these consequences. Although ,these problems are more frequently observed in cities or industrialized areas, they are not exclusive or restricted to these places, they affect us all, and at least as far as pollution is concerned, we all can and should participate in the improvement of our living conditions that go along with our reproductive health.
Perin PM, Maluf M, Czeresnia CE, Nicolosi Foltran Januário DA, Nascimento Saldiva PH. Effects of exposure to high levels of particulate air pollution during the follicular phase of the conception cycle on pregnancy outcome in couples undergoing in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer. Fertil Steril. 2010;93:301-3.