2017, Number 1
Rev Cub Med Mil 2017; 46 (1)
Pardo ALM, Pérez RS, Gámez BA
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: The widespread use of chemical pesticides in agriculture lead to similar exposure of women and men to these products. Risks from exposure to pesticides, such as acute and chronic toxicity, immunological, hormonal, endocrine and reproductive effects, have not received sufficient global attention.
Objective: Characterize the reports to the National Center for Toxicology of women of childbearing age exposed to pesticides between years 2009 and 2013.
Methods: An observational study was conducted in a sample of 402 women, in which the following variables were studied; age, circumstance, severity of intoxication and type of pesticide.
Results: Women of childbearing age accounted for half of the total number of patients exposed, with a mean age of 30,3 years, with milder events being suicidal. The pesticides most involved belong to the group others/various.
Conclusions: The most affected women were those in the 12 to 24 years of age, with intentional poisonings of mild intensity caused by pesticides of the group others/various.