2017, Number 1
Rev Cub Med Mil 2017; 46 (1)
Pradere PJC, Chao GS, García GA
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: The United States Armed Forces have been developing an expeditionary medical treatment and evacuation system that allows to reduce the number of deaths to very low. One of the factors that has facilitated this result is the Tactical Combat Casualty Care protocol.
Objective: To provide updated information on the origin and concepts of this.
Methods: The international literature was reviewed using combinations of keywords related to this topic through search engines (Pubmed, Clinicalkey, Hinari, Ebsco), from January 2001 to November 2016. Body: In 1984 Colonel Ronald Bellamy of the Army of the USA in his article entitled "Causes of deaths in conventional terrestrial combat. Implications of Health Disposal Investigations", challenged the military community to address these realities, reviewed causes of death in combat scenarios by analyzing historical data on injuries collected by different researchers who relied on the effectiveness of different ammunition during the Viet Nam war. He stated that during conventional ground fighting operations, most of the deaths result from catastrophic injuries.
Conclusions: This protocol arose because of the need to reduce preventable deaths in combat scenarios and under tactical considerations. Due to its great impact in the treatment of the injured in the combative scenarios has become the guiding document of the medical services of the majority of the armies of the world.