2017, Number 4
Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas 2017; 16 (4)
Retained permanent canines in patients of the University Pediatric Hospital of Centro Havana. 2012-2015
Gbenou MY, Hernández FJC, García GT
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: Permanent canines are important teeth for the stomatognatic system. Their retention, when caused by a physical limitation in their eruption, should be treated soon with orthodontic appliances that allow an early rehabilitation and avoid more invasive surgical treatments. Objective: To characterize pediatric patients with retained permanent canines treated in the Maxillofacial Surgery Serviceof the Pediatric Hospital of Centro Havana, from 2012 to 2015. Material and Methods: A descriptive retrospective study was conducted in pediatric patients with retained permanent canines who were treated in the Maxillofacial Surgery Service during period mentioned. Results: There was a predominance in the female sex (69 %). The age of higher detection of this tooth anomaly was 13 years old. (26 %). The most retained permanent canine was the upper right one (62 %). The most frequent type of retention was the unilateral one (67 %). Class I maxillary retention was the one that had the greatest clinical presentation (25 %). Surgical exeresis was the most used treatment (50 %). Conclusions: In the pediatric patients studied, the retained canines presented mainly in the female sex, and 13 years old was the age in which there was a greater detection of this tooth anomaly. The upper right permanent canine in the palatine zone is the most retained (13), and exeresis is the most used treatment.