2017, Number 2
Rev Acta Médica 2017; 18 (2)
Association between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis of malignant ocular neoplasms
Aragonés CB, Alemañy GJ, Domínguez VY, Tamargo BTO
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: Malignant ocular neoplasms include a diverse spectrum of tumors that can cause vision loss, but also, according to the degree of malignancy and distant metastases, can lead to death. Objective: To evaluate the correspondence between presumed clinical diagnosis and histopathological diagnosis. Methods: A descriptive, prospective and longitudinal quantitative study was carried out about the relationship between clinical and histopathological diagnosis of ocular malignancies in Hermanos Ameijeiras Hospital. Results: The most frequent location of tumor lesions was the annexes: the periocular and eyelid skin in 61 %, and then the conjunctiva 26 %. Eyeball tumors represented 9 % and orbital tumors 3 %. The female sex predominated in 56.5 % and the white skin color in 71 %, the mean age was 64.5 years for both sexes. The most frequent histological types were: basal cell carcinoma of the eyelid skin, squamous carcinoma in situ of the conjunctiva and malignant uveal melanoma. Conclusions: There was a 100 % correspondence between the clinical and histological diagnosis of eyeball cancer, orbit cancer, skin melanoma and the conjunctival lymphoma.