2017, Number 4
Rev Cubana Estomatol 2017; 54 (4)
Argüello PSM, Díaz CAC, Chávez CE, Concepción OT
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: proprioception informs the organism about the position of the muscles, regulating the direction and range of movement, hence the importance of medical intervention in terms of improving health indicators related to it. Objective: to identify, by means of the application the Fukuda test, the variation of proprioception, after the third molar extraction. Methods: the study was conducted in the months of July and August 2015, in the area of maxillofacial surgery of Pablo Arturo Suárez Hospital, Republic of Ecuador. The research was exploratory, prospective, observational and longitudinal. A sample of 30 patients aged 16-56 years old was studied, of which 13 were men and 17, women. The inclusion criteria were that they had at least two third molars, one on each side in the mandibular lower part, and that they did not present vestibular affections, otitis, and alterations in proprioception due to diseases of the nervous system. Results: asignificant difference (p< 0.013) was found in the motor displacement of the subjects under study after the third molars extraction, but there is no significant difference in the degrees of body turns (p< 0.62). Conclusions: the bad position of third molars can alter proprioception; consequently, the extraction of these decreases proprioceptive alterations, specifically the longitudinal displacement as a significant variable, and the deviations in degrees of the body turns as non-significant.