2017, Number 2
Rev Cubana Invest Bioméd 2017; 36 (2)
Enríquez CLC, Calero MS, Castro BIE, Alcívar VR
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: In high-performance sports, the athlete must be able to compete at very high levels and for relatively long periods of time, so psychological preparation is of paramount importance as a mental health component. Objective: The research objective is to evaluate the psychological performance of handball players based on a variation of the Loehr test, triangulating the athlete's self-perception, performance observation and coach's perception. Methods: The Baldan Club professional population in Mantá, Manabí province (seven athletes) is studied, applying an adaptation of Psychological Performance Inventory (Loehr Test), implementing a triangulation of data (self-perception of the athlete, coach and competitive observation), measuring the variables self-confidence, negative energy, control of attention and visual control of images, emotional level, positive energy and attitude control. Results: Self-confidence obtained the best results with 203 points ( 25), with four athletes evaluated as "Excellent", while positive energy obtained a low score in an athlete, and control of care classified as the lowest Results. Pearson allowed to interweave the three triangulated scoring sources, reflecting similar fluctuations although with differences in the handball players judgments, being significant correlation (r= 1 for, 004 significance) between trainer judgment and the external observers as part of the psychological performance, similarly to self-confidence (r= 1 for, 003). Overall, in five of seven variables studied athletes tend to over-estimate their performance. Conclusions: The study provides a working method that allowed an objective study of psychological performance in handball athletes of Balman Club in the city of Manta, Ecuador.