2017, Number 2
Rev Cubana Invest Bioméd 2017; 36 (2)
Díaz CAC, Ruiz VHD, Monroy AAJ
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: The somatotype as a medical-biological technique studies, through body classification, several physical indicators, which can be associated with body and performance indicators such as postural alterations that cause locomotive anomalies, which can limit the physical performance of army militaries at short, mid and long term. Objective: This paper aims to determine and relate the predominant somatotypes and the types of feet of militaries of the Ecuadorian army. Methods: The research studies a sample of 124 militaries of Epiclachima army fort, located south Quito, Ecuador, in order to assess the level of association between the somatotype and the postural podiatric alterations of the foot arch. Results: The paper describes the existence of a higher percent of endomorph somatotype (51,62 %), mesomorph (45,97 %) and ectomorph (2,41 %), respectively, while half of the somatotypes have normal feet (50 %). The endomorph somatotype showed 48,4 % without podiatric anomalies of the left foot, while 32,8 % presented flat feet and 18,8 % cavus foot. On the other hand the ectomorph somatotype showed normal feet. Conclusions: The research did not demonstrate a significant association between somatotype and postural podiatric anomalies of the foot arch in the sample studied, neither left alterations (X2 = 0,54), or right alterations (X2 = 0,36).