2016, Number 4
Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr 2016; 32 (4)
Casanova MMC, Bayarre VHD, Navarro DDA, Sanabria RG, Trasancos DM
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: One of the most feasible ways to identify problems and find solutions is through the participative-action research as a dimension of what is known as Popular Education.
Objective: To promote community participation in the elucidation of problems, decision-making and the steps taken to transform risk factors and the prognosis of chronic complications of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the elderly.
Methods: This research classifies as technological development by providing the methodology used in the community educational intervention. The study was conducted at Hermanos Cruz polyclinic of Pinar del Río during 2011-2014. The target group comprised the entire elderly population with type-2 diabetes mellitus (U= 1369) during 2012. The two-stage cluster sample was composed of 123 patients. A descriptive study was carried out in the first stage. From these results, an educational methodology was established, reflecting the different actions developed in the community; which is known as "Renacer a la Vida".
Results: Community's responsibility was verified by the doctor and family nurse, for old-people suffering from diabetes modify their view points, habits and knowledge. It was also confirmed that several activities can be planned in the community supported on the political and mass organizations; such as sport and cultural activities emphasizing the importance of education for diabetic population.
Conclusions: Primary health care is an excellent context to establish educational programs involving the community, with the aim of educating type-2 diabetic old-age people.