2016, Number 4
Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr 2016; 32 (4)
Naranjo SY, López ALM, Valladares GAM
PDF size: 88.53 Kb.
ABSTRACTIntroduction: Diabetes Mellitus is considered by WHO as the pandemic of behavioral diseases due to its close and direct relationship with lifestyles.
Objective: to determine the link between lifestyle, some relevant personological resources and emotional states in adult patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus.
Methods: study of case series from Consulting Office 15, belonging to the Area of Health III, Cienfuegos, 2013. Population: 20 persons: all the patients in the age range of 40-59. Instruments: Interview, Guide for Lifestyle, Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and Zung Test. Processing: SSPS. Presentation of results: absolute numbers and frequencies.
Results: Sex: more than half are women; average age 52; average level of schooling, workers and couples. Comorbidity: Arterial hypertension. The longer the history of the illness, the higher the comorbidity. Convergence between therapy adherence and self-care was found; Lifestyle: none have healthy lifestyles. Most affected areas: physical fitness, eating habits and sex. Personological resources; Patients with unhealthy life styles used less frequently resources as satisfaction with themselves. With poor firmness and perseverance in decision making and in selfcontrol of emotions. Emotions: predominance of middle and high anxiety as a condition and as a trait and moderate depressive dysthymia in patients with unhealthy life styles.
Conclusions: There is evidence of a bond between unhealthy lifestyles and negative emotional states as a condition and as a trait; with personological resources which are not directed to the proper management of the disease.