2016, Number 4
Rev Cubana Med Gen Integr 2016; 32 (4)
Ramos RY, Borges CD
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: When maternity happens in the adolescence, it is particularly important for its possible implications in psychological factors such as self-esteem, one of the fundamental cornerstone upon which the personality is constructed, and one of the most powerful predictor of the individual's degree of psychological adjustment.
Objective: Determine global and maternal self-esteem in adolescent mothers to children under one year of age.
Methods: Descriptive, cross-sectional study with convergence of both qualitative and quantitative paradigms. We worked with a population of 35 adolescent mothers belonging to Cumanayagua Municipality in the period from September 2013 to May 2014. The data were obtained through a technical record of sociodemographic data, the Coppersmith Self-esteem Inventory and Maternal Self-esteem Questionnaire. The results were processed by the statistical package SPSS 15.0 for Windows, where frequencies and percentages charts were used.
Results: Adolescent mothers of the late stage with average age of 17.89 years predominated; senior high school studies passed (80%), housewives (52.7%), consensual engagements (54.3%). Average and high levels of global self-esteem (mean 15.09) and low levels of maternal self-esteem (97.1%) predominated.
Conclusions: Adolescent mother were characterized by not presenting similitudes regarding their levels of global self-esteem and maternal self-esteem obtained.