2013, Number 2
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ABSTRACTIntroduction. Adolescence is the period between 10 to 19 years old. During this period, the adolescent acquires reproductive capacity. In Mexico, the incidence of teenage pregnancy is about 18%, emerging as a serious public health problem. Objective. Determine the most frequent resolution of pregnancy in a sample of female adolescents at the Women’s Hospital, Health Secretary, Mexico City. Material and methods. A retrospective, descriptive and observational study from 1 January to 31 May 2012 in patients with obstetric resolution at our institution. Results. Sample of 587 patients, aged 17.32 ± 1.6 years, 2.0% (n = 12) were 10-13 years, 24.2% (n = 142) 14-16 years, 73.8% (n = 433) 17-19 years. Delivery 60.3% (n = 354) and cesarean section 39.7% and (n = 233). We obtained 591 live newborns and 4 deaths, 45.4% (n = 270) women and 54.6% (n = 325) men. Weight 2906.55 ± 527.50 g. Weeks of gestation 38.34 ± 2.07. Apgar minute score 7.77 ± 1.02, five minute 8.80 ± 0.91 minutes. Conclusions. Pregnancy in the adolescent period is a public health problem, as well as a complex and multifactorial pathology; it is associated with biological, psychological and social consequences which affects the mother and her child and require special care by a multidisciplinary team.
Estados Unidos Mexicanos. Secretaría de Salud. Comité Consultivo Nacional de Normalización de Servicios de Salud. Norma Oficial Mexicana NOM-007-SSA2-1993. Atención de la mujer durante el embarazo, parto y puerperio y del recién nacido. Criterios y procedimientos para la prestación del servicio. Publicación el línea consultada el 19 de junio de 2012 y disponible en: http://www.salud.gob.mx/unidades/cdi/nom/007ssa23.html