2017, Number 2
Rev Cub Med Mil 2017; 46 (2)
Escalona CJA, Castillo PRA, Pérez AJR, Rodríguez FZ
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ABSTRACTObjectives: To conceptualize polytrauma in the light of current knowledge, its genesis, the management during prehospital and hospital care, the severity indexes related to mortality and its causes, as well as the treatment by specialized multidisciplinary teams.
Methods: Documents review from national and foreign medical bibliography of this century, through the academic Google search engine, the Scielo, Lilacs, Pubmed databases, in English and Spanish.
Body: At present the diversity of criteria on the care of polytraumatized in general and of the severe ones is a real scientific problem, in particular, because they continue to be a health problem for the population, since they are usually suffered by men of productive ages, usually by accidents and / or assaults and require a large amount of resources for their care, they need early, intensive and multidisciplinary treatment, despite maintaining high rates of lethality and mortality.
Conclusions: the early assessment of the severity of the trauma allows the injured to be treated adequately and immediately, and it makes it possible to improve their prognosis, due to the fact that highly specialized work teams are available, the quality of care can be increased and, with that premise, the survival rate of these patients.