2018, Number 3
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ABSTRACTEvery year the increase of pregnant women that require a non-obstetric anesthesic-surgical procedure is significant with an incidence between 1.5 to 2.0% wich is equivalent to 500 to 635 pregnant women; the diagnosis and the pathologies that require surgery have created great in recent years controversy due to speculation about the risks in which the fetus and the mother are subjected, that is why clinical studies have been conducted to know the ideal moment of surgery if it were necessary during pregnancy, as well as anesthetic-surgical guidelines to offer safe surgery. Recently, the use of minimally invasive surgery such as laparoscopic surgery has increased due to the great advantages that it provides during pregnancy. The present work aims to raise awareness of the most relevant aspects from the anesthetic point of view to understand the physiological changes of pregnancy and its pathophysiological changes in the pathology that requires surgery, thus being able to plan a safe perioperative according to the guidelines established and be able to successfully complete the maternal fetal binomial.
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