2017, Number 3
Revista Cubana de Educación Médica Superior 2017; 31 (3)
Véliz MPL, Oramas GR, Jorna CAR, Berra SEM
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: The current professional performance of the intensive care and emergency medicine specialist is given by the broadening of the occupational profile and working settings, which causes the development of functions and professional competences different from those in the curriculum.
Objective: To design a model of the intensive care and emergency medicine specialist that contributes to the performance at services, in correspondence with the current professional profile of such specialty in Cuba.
Methods: Developmental, prospective and propositive research carried out upon the base of functions and competences identified in previous studies. We used theoretical and empirical insights, through discussion group and the Delphi method with selected experts.
Results: The characteristics and principles were defined in the proposed model. They were based on foundations given by several sciences. Their internal and external relations were identified. We perceived relationships between the training activities, the fulfillment of professional functions, and the competences with their performance in services. The model has a systemic, flexible character, allows to be modified according to the solution of problems considering the needs of the society. It promotes transformations in the behavior of residents and specialists. It is theoretically validated by two groups of experts.
Conclusions: A scientific model of the intensive care and emergency medicine specialist is designed, based upon professional competences, and which contributes to the improvement of the professional profile, education at work, the integration of teaching, care delivery and investigation, and the tutor-related education of the resident, in order to stimulate ongoing postgraduate education and to achieve a better performance at services.