2017, Number 3
Rev Cuba Endoc 2017; 28 (3)
Incidence of diabetes mellitus in Cuba in children under 18 years by type
Arnold DY, González HO, Martínez VN, Formental HBI, Arnold AML, González CTM, Conesa GAI
PDF size: 293.81 Kb.
ABSTRACTIntroduction: type 2 diabetes mellitus in children and adolescents is reaching alarming proportions. Since the 1990s, we are witnessing the increasingly frequent appearance of this phenomenon, which seems to be a consequence of the worrying increase in obesity in the population, a process that is also accompanied by insulin resistance.
Objective: to describe the behavior of the increase in the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus with respect to type 1 in individuals up to 18 years old in Cuba from 2013 to 2015.
Methods: a descriptive observational study was carried out. The study population was the one diagnosed as diabetic from 1 to 18 years old, type 1 and type 2. The statistical data were taken from the National Registry of Classification of Diabetes Mellitus corresponding to the years 2013, 2014 and 2015.
Results: the overall behavior of the Incidence´s Rate Ratio in the years studied was fluctuating in type 2 diabetes mellitus; while in type 1 diabetes mellitus, it increased in the period 2013-2014, and during 2014-2015 there was a notable decrease. The Incidence´s Rate Ratio (diabetes mellitus type 2/diabetes mellitus type 1) is higher than 1 only in the age group of 15 to 18 years, corresponding to the years 2013 and 2014. As the age increases, it raises this Incidence´s Rate Ratio.
Conclusions: the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the age groups studied increases as age increases, while the incidence of type 1 decreases with the increase of age.