2018, Number 1
Rev Cub Oftal 2018; 31 (1)
Velázquez VY, Rodríguez RV, Hernández MR, Chiang RC, González DR, Chang RM
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ABSTRACTRetinal vasculitis is an inflammatory disease that threatens vision and affects retinal vessels (capillaries, veins and arteries). It may occur as an isolated idiopathic condition and as a complication of infective or neoplastic disorders, in association with systemic inflammatory diseases. Typical clinical manifestations including perivascular sheathing or cuffing, vascular leakage and occlusion. It may be associated with signs of retinal ischemia (cotton-wool spots and intra-retinal hemorrhage). It is classified into different stages: lnflamation, ischemia, neovascularization and complications. In the diagnosis, biomicroscopy and ophtalmoscopic of the posterior segment and fluorescein angiography test are important. A case report is presented of a 30-yearold male patient with a history of good health. In October 2015 the patient had started out with reddening of his left eye and the viewing of floaters with both eyes. Funduscopy was performed with a 90-dioptric lens and a binocular indirect ophthalmoscope. Fundus retinography, angiographic imaging and other complementary studies revealed an idiopathic obliterative retinal vasculopathy (Eales disease). The treatment indicated was photocoagulation, as well as a recommendation to evaluate the biochemical studies of the vitreous culture, since the test had found human leukocyte antigens, vascular endothelial growth factor and interleukins.