2018, Number 1
Revista Habanera de Ciencias Médicas 2018; 17 (1)
Pedagogical model for the improvement of teaching performance based on an approach to competences in the specialty of Pediatrics
Ortiz GM, Borges OLC, Rodríguez RI, Sardiñas AME, Balado SR
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: The approach on competences in the academic field is one of the trends worldwide; therefore, professors´ preparation that leads to a teaching performance based on this approach is necessary.
Objective: This work is aimed at designing a pedagogical model for the improvement of teaching performance with an approach on competences in the specialty of Pediatrics in “Salvador Allende” Medical Faculty in accordance with the social demands of the Cuban National Health System.
Material and methods: Theoretical, empirical, and statistical methods were used. Out of a total population of 32 professors, the 65,62% of them and the two directors participated in the study. Sampling was incidental.
Results: It is a pedagogical model, which is structured in two levels: conceptual and methodological. The conceptual level comprises the theoretical basis, principal ideas, dimensions, and purpose. The methodological level limits itself in its application in dynamics and it is structured in four stages with defined objectives and a group of actions: Stage I: Identification of the possibility of obtaining information and its relevance; Stage II: Setting of problems; Stage III: Design of activities for the improvement of the teaching performance with an approach on competences. Stage IV: Evaluation of the model.
Conclusions: The method of scientific modeling allowed the development of a pedagogical model for the teaching performance with an approach on competences in the professors of the specialty of Pediatrics in “Salvador Allende” Medical Faculty. The validation of the model was statistically significant.