2018, Number 4
Rev Méd Electrón 2018; 40 (4)
González BMA, Blanco PME, Ramos CG, Martínez LG, Rodríguez AY, Hernández UF
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ABSTRACTCervical uterine cancer is the second one in frequency among women and an important cause of morbimortality. The risk of suffering it is associated to insane life styles, mainly in the adolescence, when attitudes began their formation and values are consolidated. 41 scientific articles were reviewed with the aim of structuring the theoretical references backing the relevance of education in cervical uterine cancer since the adolescence as a contribution to its prevention. Cervical uterine cancer is an anarchic proliferative cell process that begins with neoplastic intra epithelial changes; during the age period from 10 to 20 years it could become invasive. Among the risk factors stand out the precocious beginning of sexual relations, promiscuity, not using condoms, the long use of hormonal contraceptives, multiparity, youth pregnancy, immunologic factors, smoking, low-carotene diet, familiar antecedents and sexually transmitted diseases, mainly in the case of human papilloma virus. Preventions is sustained mainly on the cervical-vaginal cytology for the precocious detection of the lesion, and also the health promotion through educative activities preferably since the adolescence. The early beginning of the sexual activity, the sexual behavior of the new generations and the high frequency of infections caused by human papilloma virus in teenagers lead to the presentation of this cancer at earlier ages, consequently the age coverage for the cervical vaginal cytology should be modified, and also the massive vaccination before the beginning of the sexual relationships should be considered.