2018, Number 2
RSS 2018; 24 (2)
Sánchez AD, Rodney RY, Garcés MR, Salim MY
PDF size: 226.96 Kb.
ABSTRACTEducational institutions as a space for socialization and learning play an important role in the formation of standards of behavior, values and respect in society, which in turn can transmit and tolerate the rejection of sexual diversity. In many cases bullying can be directed towards adolescents who do not comply with heteronormative behavior patterns, which is why they perceive themselves with a real or apparent homosexuality and harass them for this reason. Course objective. Characterize the manifestations of homophobic school bullying in ninth grade adolescents of the Coronel Juan Delgado Urban Basic Secondary School of the Bejucal municipality. Methodology. A cross-sectional, descriptive study with a mixed methodological approach, carried out from January 2016 to June 2017. From a population of 185 adolescents of ninth grade, a sample of 38 adolescents was selected through probabilistic sampling: simple random without replacement. A survey on homophobic school bullying validated in Cuba and a semi-structured interview were applied. Tools of descriptive statistics were used. Results: Threats, insults, humiliations and discrimination predominated compared to physical actions. Although there are victims of homophobic bullying, the largest number of adolescents acts as spectators. Conclusions. Homophobic school bullying towards adolescents because of their homosexuality or apparent homosexuality is frequently expressed in the school context through actions and behaviors of a verbal and social nature.