2018, Number 3
Gaceta Médica Espirituana 2018; 20 (3)
Pérez FM, Bravo SB
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ABSTRACTBackground: Xerostomia is a health problem in a part of the geriatric population, at present, there is a worldwide tendency to increase it in developing countries.
Objective: To characterize the behavior of the xerostomia in the geriatric population, at the Aged Community House in Marianao municipality.
Methodology: Descriptive and cross-sectional study in 59 patients belonging to the aged home community. The variables used were: age, sex, salivary secretion, drug consumption and oral diseases.
Results: 93.2% of the population corresponded to the female sex, the most affected age was between 70 and 79 years (30.5%), the most consumed drugs were the antihypertensive drugs (55.3%) and diuretics (35.7%), 40.6% of patients who presented xerostomia suffer from masticatory dysfunction.
Conclusions: The female sex predominated with xerostomia and the study group is mostly exposed to polypharmacy, reducing the salivary flow and affecting the masticatory dysfunction.