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>Journals >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Year 2006, Issue 4

Luna-Ortiz K, Villavicencio-Valencia V, Saucedo-Ramírez OJ, Rascón-Ortiz M
Laryngeal cancer in patients younger than 40 years
Cir Cir 2006; 74 (4)

Language: Español
References: 10
Page: 225-229
PDF: 77.27 Kb.

[Full text - PDF]


Objective: We undertook this study to report demographic data of laryngeal cancer patients ‹ 40 years old and treatment results.
Methods: In a retrolective study we reviewed the clinical records of 500 patients with laryngeal cancer in the period from 1989 to 2004 and included those patients ‹ 40 years of age.
Results: We found 15 patients, representing 4.4% of the series. Nine (60%) were men and six (40%) were women, with a 1.5:1 ratio. Average group age was 35 years (range 21-40 and median of 37 months). Average time of evolution at the time of diagnosis was 14.4 months (range 0-36 and median of 12 months); 60% of the patients were smokers and 40% admitted to drinking alcohol; dysphonia was the main symptom found in 87% of the patients. The most frequent location was the glottis in 11 (73%) patients. Well-differentiated tumors represented 53% of the cases. Initial treatment was surgery in four (27%) patients; radiotherapy in five (33%) patients receiving an average of 63.44 Gy; concomitant chemo-radiotherapy in one patient (7%) using gemcitabine; four (27%) patients were treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy; and one patient did not receive treatment. The average time in which the patients relapsed after the first treatment was 19.57 months (range 2-63) and four were classified as persistent. Survival time was 32 months (range 2-106 and median 27 months). Finally, organ preservation rate was obtained in 28.5%.
Conclusions: Squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx is rare in patients ‹40 years old in our study. Gender relation seems to be equal, although a slight predominance of men does still exist. Classical risk factors were present in 60% of the cases. Prognosis for these patients was determined by the initial clinical stage.

Key words: cancer of the larynx, organ preservation, chemotherapy, radiotherapy.


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>Journals >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Year 2006, Issue 4

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