This journal only 2019, Number 1 Cardiovasc Metab Sci 2019; 30 (1) Comparison of the effects of aerobic and force exercise in patients with heart failure after a cardiovascular rehabilitation program: randomized controlled trial Pereira-Rodríguez JE, Peñaranda-Florez DG, Pereira-Rodríguez R, Pereira-Rodríguez P, Quintero-GómezJC, Santamaría-Pérez KN, Flores-Posadas UE, Hernández-Sánchez JL Full text How to cite this article Language: English References: 73 Page: 14-27 PDF size: 273.44 Kb. Key words: Exercise, heart failure, cardiac rehabilitation, resistance training. ABSTRACT Introduction and objectives: Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality worldwide. Currently, rehabilitation programs are shown as adequate treatments to mitigate the effects of heart failure. The main objective is to compare the effects of aerobic exercise and strength in patients with heart failure after a cardiovascular rehabilitation program. Material and methods: Randomized controlled trial over a period of three years with a sample of 920 patients with heart failure distributed in two groups (aerobic exercise plus upper limb -MMSS- training and aerobic exercise plus training of lower limbs -MMII-). Blood samples were taken to determine blood glucose levels and lipid profile. In addition, tests for aerobic capacity, maximum heart rate, anthropometry, depression, anxiety, clinical and hemodynamic parameters. The tests were performed before and after 24 training sessions, 60 min, three times a week for two months. Results: Comparing the results between the groups, it was possible to show better results in the majority of the variables of group 2 (aerobic exercise + strength training MMII) (p ≤ 0.05%). However, no significant post training differences were found in the HDL, LDL and triglyceride variables (p ≥ 0.05%). Conclusions: An aerobic training program combined with strength for patients with heart failure improves aerobic capacity, exercise tolerance, ejection fraction, glycemic indexes, MHR, muscle percentage and decreases body fat percentage and levels of depression and anxiety. These benefits stand out to a greater extent in an aerobic workout combined with MMII strength. REFERENCES Mathers CD, Loncar D. Updated projections of global mortality and burden of disease, 2002-2030: data sources, methods and results. WHO. 2005; 1-130. Capewell S, Ford E, Croft J, Critchley J, Greenlund K, Labarthec D. Cardiovascular risk factor trends and potential for reducing coronary heart disease mortality in the United States of America. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2010; 88: 120-130. National Center for Health Statistics. Mortality multiple cause micro-data files. (2014): public use data file and documentation: NHLBI tabulations. 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