2018, Number 2
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: The Shroud of Turin is a linen cloth that is said to be the burial cloth of Jesus. This shroud has marks of a dead man, flagellated, crowned with thorns, who was pierced by a sharp object on the left side of his chest and was crucified. It is one of the most studied objects in history.
Objective: To describe the traumatic-orthopedic injuries suffered by the man in Shroud of Turin in his condemnation and crucifixion.
Methods: We used twelve articles from PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, Lilacs, Scielo databases. We used keywords such as “Injuries" and "Turin Shroud". Seven sentinel articles and three study books related to the Shroud of Turin were added. The materials used were published before June 30, 2018. The search was not restricted in terms of content, dates or languages of publication.
Results: The main findings were head injuries derived from a crown of thorns; miosis, enophthalmia and palpebral ptosis, caused by a brachial plexus injury; the dislocation in his right shoulder, due to violent trauma; perforation in the thorax, due to the penetration of a spear and perforated injuries in his fists and feet by the placement of the nails.
Conclusions: Injuries to the head (crown of spines, nasal and maxillofacial cartilage), neck and upper limbs (brachial plexus, shoulder dislocation, median and/or ulnar nerve injury and puncture in the fists) have been described. The thorax (perforation by spear and excoriations), in the abdomen (excoriations), in the lower limbs (articular, patella trauma, ankle dislocation and perforation in the feet). Some hypotheses about the lesions described should be better elucidated in future research.
Svensson N. Medical and forensic aspects of the Man depicted on the Shroud of Turin. International Workshop on the Scientific approach to the Acheiropoietos Images (IWSAI) [Internet]. Frascati. 2010 [citado: 10/06/2018]. p. 1-6. Disponible en: http://www.acheiropoietos.info/proceedings/SvenssonWeb.pdf
Bevilacqua M, Concheri G, Concheri S, Fanti G, Rodella S. Rigor Mortis and News obtained by the Body’s Scienti fi c Reconstruction of the Turin Shroud Man. Peertechz Journal of Forensic Science and Technology [Internet]. 2018 [citado: 24/06/2018];4(1):001-8. Disponible en: https://www.peertechz.com/articles/rigor-mortis-and-news-obtained-by-the-body-s-scientific-reconstruction-of-the-turin-shroud-man.pdf