2019, Number 3
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: hip fracture has a high incidence; many of those who present it suffer from chronic or non-associated clinical diseases that could predispose to the occurrence of these types of traumas. Objective: to describe morbidity and mortality due to hip fracture in the northwestern region of Villa Clara in 2016 with a subsequent follow-up of one year. Methods: a cross-sectional prospective study was performed on patients with hip fracture who attended the Mártires del 9 de abril Hospital in Sagua la Grande in 2016 with associated diseases. The sample consisted of 108 patients. After one year of surgery, patients or their families were contacted by telephone to determine survival or not, as well as causes of death. Results: a total of 108 patients with hip fracture, with a predominance of female sex of 2:1, mean age of 80.9±9.1 years, mode of 81 years, 72 patients (66.7%) presented one or several diseases (arterial hypertension, ischemic cardiopathy, dementia and diabetes mellitus). Mortality at one year of intervention was 30.6%, 33 deaths had pneumonia as the main cause. Conclusions: hip fracture is associated with clinical diseases that could affect its occurrence; if effective prevention and control strategies were developed, this traumatic event could be reduced and, therefore, the associated mortality, which is a serious and worrisome health problem.
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