2019, Number 6
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ABSTRACTObjective: To establish the frequency of anemia among children living in the Andean region of Ecuador, Perú, and Bolivia.
Materials y Metods: A transversal descriptive study based on the risk association of anemia in children between 6 and 59 months living in the Andean region, through a secondary source published by institutions of health from Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia.
Results: A total of 155,007 children were included; 65,161 living in the Andean region. Anemia was observed in 46.69 to 60.59% in the Andes of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. Opposing, in low-lying regions varied from 33.96 to 43.37%. Anemia was more prevalent in the high altitude, regarding to severe anemia, the risk association was significant in Andean Region of Ecuador during 2013 (OR:4.98; p‹0.01) and 2014 (OR:5.32; p‹0.01), Bolivia (OR:4.65; p‹0.01), and Peru (OR:1.78; p‹0.01).
Conclusions: A higher frequency of anemia was evident in children residing in the Andean region of Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. However, although a significant risk association was demonstrated, this could be a multifactorial phenomenon that requires more detailed investigation.
Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. Encuesta Demográfica y de Salud Familiar (ENDES 2016) [Internet]. Lima: Instituto Nacional de Estadística e Informática. 2016. [Cited 2018 May 15]. Available from: https://www.inei. gob.pe/media/MenuRecursivo/publicaciones_digitales/ Est/Lib1433/index.html