2020, Number 1
Med Int Mex 2020; 36 (1)
Prevalence of serology for infectious diseases in blood donors during 17 years in Guanajuato, Mexico
Sangrador-Deitos MV, Cruz-Hernández Á, González-Olvera JA, Rodríguez-Hernández LA, Sánchez-Cárdenas CD, Torres-Salgado FG
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ABSTRACTObjective: To study the prevalence of major infections transmitted by blood transfusion.
Material and Method: An observational and retrospective study with epidemiological purposes was done reviewing blood donors’ positivity records for infectious diseases in the State Center of Blood Transfusion in Guanajuato, from 1999 to 2015. There were identified circulating antibodies for HIV, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, syphilis, brucellosis and Chagas disease.
Results: Of 340,215 donors, 8301 were positive for at least on antibody of any of these blood-transmissible diseases. The highest prevalences were for hepatitis C with 0.87% and 0.65% for Chagas disease.
Conclusions: A decrease in the prevalence of infectious diseases in blood donors was observed, due to a better selection program and the implementation of appropriate strategies for detection, achieving a more profitable utilization and quality of blood products.