2020, Number 1
Dermatología Cosmética, Médica y Quirúrgica 2020; 18 (1)
Cruz-Gómez LG, Cárdenas-de la Garza JA, de la Cruz-Valadez E, Cuéllar-Barboza A, Martínez-Moreno A, Áncer-Arellano J, García-Lozano JA, Ocampo-Candiani J, González-González SE
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ABSTRACTBackground: syphilis incidence has increased in the last decades and recent clinical information in Latin America is scarce.
Methods: we performed a retrospective, observational and descriptive study of patients diagnosed with syphilis in a tertiary- care hospital in Northeastern Mexico from January 2013 to December 2019. Information was retrospectively retrieved from clinical files. Normality was tested by Shapiro-Wilk test. Chi square and the Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare variables with p ‹ 0.05 deemed as statistically significant.
Results: the most frequent clinical presentation was secondary syphilis followed by neurosyphilis and ocular syphilis. The most frequent comorbidity was HIV infection.
Conclusion: syphilis should be considered as differential diagnosis of patients with clinical manifestations involving the skin, central nervous system, oral mucosa, and eyes. Intentional clinical examination and interrogation helps recognize clues to detect this reemerging infection.