2020, Number 1
Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc 2020; 58 (1)
Carranza-Lira S, Toribio-Cortés N
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: According to the World Health Organization, depression is the most prevalent mental disorder and burnout syndrome can occur among individuals whose work involves care or assistance to people, and, given that residents may have heavy workloads, it is important to study burnout’s frequency in them.
Objective: To know the frequency of burnout syndrome and depression in Obstetrics and Gynecology (OB/GYN) residents.
Methods: A prospective, observational, cross-sectional, and descriptive study was carried out in OB/GYN residents. Two instruments were applied: Beck Depression Inventory and Maslach Burnout Inventory, in order to assess depression and burnout, respectively. For the statistical analysis, it was used descriptive statistics, frequencies, measures of central tendency and dispersion, as well as Spearman correlation analysis.
Results: 28 second-year residents, 33 from third-year, and 17 fourth-year residents were studied. In secondyear residents, mild and moderate depression prevailed; in third-year residents, moderate depression, and in fourth-year residents, minimal depression. Only secondyear, and third-year residents presented burnout syndrome. Correlation between depression and burnout*i> syndrome showed a rho = 0.591, p ‹ 0.001.
Conclusion: Depression is related to burnout syndrome in OB/GYN residents.