2020, Number 2
An Med Asoc Med Hosp ABC 2020; 65 (2)
Crespo SD, Septién GJM, Ortiz ROE
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ABSTRACTThe anemia of the newborn can be from different causes, one of them is the hemolytic anemia of the newborn which can be secondary to Rh o ABO incompatibility, however there exist other subgroups that can cause incompatibility and secondary hemolityc anemia, jaundice and hyperbilirubinemia. This one presents with less frequency and may result in progressive anemia and it requires attention of the newborn in a neonatal intensive care unit. Case report: This work describes the case of a pale newborn with poor respiratory effort and low oxygen rates, with anemia, hyperbilirubinemia and hepatomegaly who requires exchange transfusion and evaluation of the hematologist who found incompatibility to subgroup Kell. Most of the cases due to subgroup Kell incompatibility present a severe hemolytic anemia with a fatal evolution and not a good prognosis. Conclusion: In this report we can see that the newborn had a satisfactory evolution due to prompt treatment and the importance of knowing different causes of hemolytic anemia of the newborn.