2019, Number 3
Rev Cub de Reu 2019; 21 (3)
Velasco BJA, Velasco BDL, Baquero VGA, Gómez VJL, Villacres PMA, Jinez CKA
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: the atlantoaxial subluxation is a disorder of the cervical spine, at the level of the C1 and C2 vertebrae that causes deterioration in the rotation of the neck because the anterior facet of C1 is fixed on the facet of C2.
Objective: To emphasize the importance of early diagnosis of atlantoaxial subluxation in patients with or without evidence of trauma to be identified as a surgical clinical emergency.
Development: In the present work, emphasis is placed on the need to identify events or complications of atlantoaxial subluxation that endanger the life of patients and require surgical clinical attention in an emergent manner due to the compression of the spinal cord that may result from so that in some bibliographic reports it is classified as an emergency.
Conclusions: There are many forms of presentation of atlantoaxial subluxation, many of them can present complications that constitute emergencies, as well as various treatments that must be critically evaluated because they can cause greater consequences than the disease itself, which speaks in favor of the essential of an accurate diagnosis and a multidisciplinary approach.