2020, Number 3
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: Major ambulatory surgery has experienced a growing increase in recent years. This modality has gone hand in hand with new challenges for nursing professionals, who carry out postoperative follow-up of these users by using different telehealth tools.
Objective: To identify, in scientific databases, the main telehealth tools used in the follow-up of patients who received major ambulatory surgery.
Methods: Integrative review of the literature about studies published in Spanish, English and Portuguese, from 2013 to 2019 in the databases MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL and SciELO. Using the PRISMA methodology, the keywords Teleenfermería [Tele-nursing], Procedimientos quirúrgicos ambulatorios [ambulatory surgical procedures], Monitoreo ambulatorio [ambulatory monitoring], telemedicine [telemedicine], and Cuidados posoperatorios [postoperative care] were used, with the operators AND and OR. Ten articles were selected and content analysis was carried out with them.
Conclusions: The main telehealth tools used in the postoperative patient of major outpatient surgery were identified. Each has advantages and limitations for its use. Mobile applications stand out as a tool to continue innovating due to their great potential regarding benefits.
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