>Cirugía y Cirujanos
>Year 2009, Issue 2
Martínez-Mier G, Jiménez-López LA, Valencia-Mercado D, George-Micelli E, Salas-Díaz FA, González-Medina MF
Urological complications following kidney transplantation using Lich-Gregoir technique: A 4-year experience in Mexico
Cir Cir 2009; 77 (2)
PDF: 83.48 Kb.
Objective: We present a retrospective review of urological complications following kidney transplantation in two medical centers in the Mexican state of Veracruz using Lich-Gregoir extravesical ureteroneocystostomy during a 4-year period.
Methods: Records from 242 patients from January 2003 to November 2007 were reviewed. Standard technique for organ procurement, open nephrectomy and kidney transplant was performed. Extravesical ureteroneocystostomy was used in all patients. Urological complications and management are reported.
Results: There were 19 complications recorded in 18 patients (7.8%). Sixteen kidneys were obtained from living donors. Urinary leak was the most common complication (4.5%) followed by ureteral stenosis (1.6%), vesicoureteral reflux (1.2%) and ureteral necrosis (0.4%) Most of the patients were treated with Foley catheter (42%), Boary flap (26%) and nephrostomy (15%); 1.23% grafts were lost associated with urological complications.
Conclusions: Renal transplantation should incur few urological complications. Attention to technical details should be paid to avoid major complications. Early evaluation to correct complications reduces sepsis, morbidity and the risk of losing graft function.
||Renal transplantation, extravesical ureteroneocystostomy.
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>Cirugía y Cirujanos
>Year 2009, Issue 2