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>Journals >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Year 2011, Issue 5


Alvarado-Aguilar S, Guerra-Cruz HG, Cupil-Rodríguez AL, Calderillo-Ruiz G, Oñate-Ocaña LF
Psychosocial adjustment in colorectal cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy
Cir Cir 2011; 79 (5)

Language: Español
References: 15
Page: 439-446
PDF: 288.99 Kb.

[Full text - PDF]

ABSTRACT

Background: Psychosocial adaptation is a measurement that represents the patient’s adjustment to those changes involved in their illness. We undertook this study to search for individual characteristics and clinical aspects associated with successful psychosocial adjustment in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) undergoing (CT) chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy (CRT).
Methods: Seventy five patients with CRC treated with CT or CRT in a cancer center were included. Psychosocial Adjustment to Illness Scale Self-Reporting (PAIS-SR) questionnaire was used as a measurement of psychosocial adjustment.
Results: Psychosocial adaptation was successful in 18 patients (24%) and unsuccessful in 57 patients (76%). Young patients, married patients and males showed lower psychosocial adaptation to disease. This is associated with the decrease in sexual relations, economic resources and psychological symptoms. Patients complained that they were unsatisfied due to the lack of disease and treatment information offered by the heath care team.
Conclusions: In the process of adaptation, clinical features such as tumor location and treatment scheme are considered basic, as well as age, education, marital status. Areas such as sexuality, interpersonal and family relationships, economic status and emotional state of patients affected by the disease and treatments provide a deep complexity in the study of the psychosocial adaptation process in patients with CRC.


Key words: Psychosocial adjustment, colorectal cancer, chemotherapy, chemoradiotherapy.


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>Journals >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Year 2011, Issue 5
 

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