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>Journals >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Year 2012, Issue 6

García-Galicia A, Lara-Muñoz MC, Arechiga-Santamaría A, Montiel-Jarquín AJ, López-Colombo A
Validity and consistency of a new scale (Faces Pain Scale) and of the Spanish version of the CHEOPS scale to evaluate postoperative pain in children
Cir Cir 2012; 80 (6)

Language: Español
References: 32
Page: 510-515
PDF: 152.58 Kb.

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Background: one of the most used scales for the evaluation of children’s pain is the CHEOPS. This is complex, reliable but not commonly used in spanish. We decided to create a new Pain Facial Scale to be considered to be used in spanish. Objective: to compare the validity and consistency of two different scales for the evaluation of post-operative pain in children.
Methods: process, comparative, longitudinal, homodemic, and prolective study. It was elaborated a simple and easy scale, to evaluate the post-operative pain in children. 5 experts evaluated their appearance and content. The original version of CHEOPS was translated to the Spanish by an expert; later this version was corrected and re-translated by a native Anglo-Saxon speaker, the result submissive in opinion by 5 experts. The validity and consistency of both scales were evaluated by two investigators in a blind way. We used Cronbach's α for the internal consistency of CHEOPS, coefficient of intraclass correlation for the external consistency (inter observer’s variability), effect’s size for sensitivity to the change of category, change of status for internal validity and Spearman’s correlation for the convergent analysis.
Results: there were a great external consistency, a good and high internal validity, for the Spanish version of the CHEOPS’ scale, and an excellent internal validity for the Facial Pain Scale, as well as an excellent internal validity for both scales.
Conclusions: two scales can be used to evaluate the post-operative pain in children between 4 and 8 year-old.

Key words: children’s postsurgical pain, Facial Pain Scale, CHEOPS´Pain Scale.


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>Journals >Cirugía y Cirujanos >Year 2012, Issue 6

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