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>Journals >Gaceta Médica de México >Year 2015, Issue 2


Díaz-Ruiz R, Aguilar-López L, Vega-Ruiz A, Garcés-Ruiz O, Nava-Zavala A, Rubio-Jurado B
Analysis of clinical-biological features of adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Gac Med Mex 2015; 151 (2)

Language: Español
References: 34
Page: 150-156
PDF: 237.00 Kb.


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ABSTRACT

Introducction: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a clonal disease characterized by a proliferation of immature cells. In immunophenotypic, cytogenetic and molecular studies, it is a heterogeneous disease with diverse manifestations and prognoses. The treatment is complex and is associated with complications during its course. Patients and Methods: A prospective study of cohort of patients with ALL. Subjects were recruited consecutively from April 2010 to November 2012 in the Specialties Hospital, IMSS. Results: We included 29 patients with ALL; of 16 females (55%) and 13 males (45%), 18 (64%)were treated with modified BFM, seven (25%) HiperCVAD, and three (11%) others. In all, 70% achieved complete remission, and 8.5% partial responses. Induction mortality in five patients (17%). Consolidation mortality in three (13%). Relapse 33%, with a mean of eight months (5-16 months), overall survival five months. At 26 months of follow-up, 13 patients (45%) maintained RC. Disease-free survival of 10 months and overall survival of 12 months was observed. Conclusion: The majority of patients, regardless of risk, reach complete remission. We found that the clinical and biological characteristics showed no significant differences related to the outcome. Immunochemotherapy treatment may improve response.


Key words: Acute leukemia, Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, Leukemia.


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>Journals >Gaceta Médica de México >Year 2015, Issue 2
 

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