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>Journals >Gaceta Médica de México >Year 2015, Issue 2


Membrila-Mondragón J, Staines-Boone AT, Sánchez-Sánchez LM, Ruiz-Pedraza MD
Pulmonary complications in pediatric patients with primary immunodeficiency (PI)
Gac Med Mex 2015; 151 (2)

Language: Español
References: 41
Page: 157-163
PDF: 115.79 Kb.


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ABSTRACT

Introduction: Primary immunodeficiencies comprise diseases that impair the immune system. Clinical manifestations are characterized by recurrent respiratory infections, which may be complicated by bronchiectasis, peribronchial thickening, abscesses, bullae, and pulmonary fibrosis. The aim of this study was to determine pulmonary complications in pediatric primary immunodeficiency by type. Results. We included 65 patients, 28 patients with humoral immunodeficiency, four with cellular immunodeficiency, 13 with well-defined syndromes, and 20 with phagocytic defects. Patients with cellular immunodeficiency with symptoms began at an early age, and were diagnosed before one year of age (p = 0.01). Patients with humoral immunodeficiency had more frequent and early respiratory symptoms (p = 0.01). The most common respiratory diseases were acute suppurative otitis media, with sinusitis and pneumonia more common in humoral immunodeficiencies and phagocytic defects. The most common pulmonary complications were bronchiectasis and pulmonary fibrosis interstitial damage, with no statistical difference between primary immunodeficiency type. Pulmonary function tests showed greater impairment in patients with phagocyte defects, but no statistical difference (p = 0.28). The presence of pulmonary complications showed no difference when compared by type of immunodeficiency, agammaglobulinemia only (p = 0.02). Conclusions: Cell immunodeficiencies are diagnosed as early as the onset of symptoms before the patient is one year old. Humoral immunodeficiencies present maximum upper and lower respiratory infections and increased risk of pulmonary complications, especially agammaglobulinemia.


Key words: Primary immunodeficiency, Pediatric, Pulmonary complication.


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