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>Journals >Medicina Crítica >Year 2001, Issue 1

Molinar RF, Vázquez HMI, Baltazar TJÁ, Salazar EDC, Cruz ME
Incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients
Rev Asoc Mex Med Crit y Ter Int 2001; 15 (1)

Language: Español
References: 30
Page: 18-21
PDF: 58.86 Kb.

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Objective: To know the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in critically ill patients. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: ICU of a tertiary care hospital, Mexico City. Patients: Two hundred and ninety-two patients supported with assisted mechanical ventilation were enrolled. Interventions: None. Results: The most important risk factors for developing VAP were the use of antibiotics, H² blockers, sedatives and steroids, as well as reintubation and diabetes mellitus. Pseudomona aeruginosa was the principal germen isolated. ICU stay 13.5 ± 8.4 days and the mortality rate was 22.58%. Conclusion: The most important risk factors to developing VAP were the use of antibiotics, H2 blockers sedatives and steroids.

Key words: Pneumonia, mechanical ventilation, risk factors.


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>Journals >Medicina Crítica >Year 2001, Issue 1

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