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>Journals >Medicina Crítica >Year 2014, Issue 3

Mendoza RM, Acevedo TJL, Gutiérrez VD, Huerta VR, López GA
Chest trauma epidemiology behavior in intensive care units of trauma hospital
Rev Asoc Mex Med Crit y Ter Int 2014; 28 (3)

Language: Español
References: 23
Page: 164-174
PDF: 231.08 Kb.

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General objective: To determine the epidemiology of chest trauma in Intensive Care Units of the «La Villa» General Hospital and the Hospital of Traumatology «Magdalena de las Salinas».
Material and methods: An observational, longitudinal, descriptive and retrospective study. Variable of quantitative and qualitative study were described, measures of central tendency were calculated. Test of difference of proportions Fisher’s exact probability (cases ‹ 5) and the χ2 test was used. Student t-test was used and for more than two averages, analysis of variance ANOVA. The correlation between age and days stay was determined by the linear correlation coefficient of Pearson. Statistical significance was determined at p ‹ 0.5, whereas «ns» no significant.
Results: Cases predominant in males over females. On average stay was 12.4 days. The mechanisms of injury were 75.2% in closed form, while penetrating mechanism the percentage was 24.8%, with significant differences. The flail chest had a slightly greater tendency, followed by pulmonary contusion and myocardial contusion, with no significant differences between them. There were two deaths from chest trauma.
Conclusions: The most important mechanism of injury was predominantly in men closed trauma. Surgical patients requiring mechanical ventilation biggest days stay nonsurgical patients with ventilator management.

Key words: Trauma of the chest, chest trauma complications, lethality chest trauma, epidemiology.


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>Journals >Medicina Crítica >Year 2014, Issue 3

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