2002, Number 3
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ABSTRACTThe two pathologies are discussed separately, each being described in terms of etiology, risk factors, symptoms and prevention, as well as prognosis and treatment of choice. In the case of diarrhea, references are made to medications and include a detailed description of dehydration care and the adequate use of oral salts; the description ends with the treatment of hypovolemic shock and dysentery.
The section on respiratory infections includes separate descriptions with and without pneumonia, detailing three levels of therapies with antibacterials, nutrition and symptomatic remedies and hospitalization for severe cases. An important point lies in the capacitation of the mother to recognize the serious symptoms and to act accordingly, as much for infectious diseases as for diarrhea.
A manual for the treatment of acute diarrhea for use by physicians and other senior health workers. Ginebra: Organización Mundial de la Salud. WHO/CDD/SER/80.2 Rev, 1984.
Kumate J, Gutiérrez G, Muñoz O, Santos JI. Manual de infectología clínica, 14a. ed. México: 1994.
Leyva LS, Mota HF. Manual de consulta educativa en diarreas. México: Ed Med Hosp Infant Mex. 1994.
Mota HF, Bross SD, Pérez RML, Velázquez JL. Rice solution and World Health Organization Solution by gastric infusion for high stool output diarrhea. AJDC 1991; 145: 937-40.
Mota HF. Hidratación oral y diarreas. México: McGraw-Hill Interamericana S.A. de C.V. Editores, 2000.
Norma Oficial Mexicana NOM-024-SSA2-1994, para la prevención y control de las infecciones respiratorias agudas. 11 de abril de 1995.