2006, Number 2
Rev Med UV 2006; 6 (2)
Venebra MA, Santiago GJ, García GF
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ABSTRACTSleep is a biological phenomena present in all mammals, including humans. A 70-year-old person has slept for at least 20 years, being this a third part of his life. Therefore sleep is one of the best preserved and most fascinating conducts to study. Currently, more than 100 sleeping disorders have been described and it is estimated that two thirds of the Mexican populationfrom youngsters to adults - have, throughout their life, at least one sleeping disorder, being the most common one insomnia episodes. Most of the sleep disorders are obviated, firstly by the patients who, in general, are not aware of their existence and consider conducts such as snoring as “normal” sleep situations. Secondly, because the medical community does not have, most of the time, with the appropriate information and training to treat sleep pathologies; which translates in a lack of centres or clinics specialized in sleep disorders. In the present review the main sleeping disorders, causes that produce them, some treatment plans and, finally, the brain mechanisms involved in their appearance will be addressed.