2013, Number 4
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: the thymus tumors are not frequent, already 35 percent are malignant and they are usually present in patients older 40 years of age; generally are asymptomatic and when produce symptoms habitually are from local compression.
Objective: because of the few frequency of this disease in the consultation literature and its rare description in young patient, is the reason why we proposed to make the presentation of this case.
Case presentation: a male patient is presented, half-breed, with 30 years of age, with health antecedents, non-smoking man, that goes to the health area due to the month before he started with clinical of pain in the anterior thoracic region, frequent dry cough, hemopthoic spits, fever in two or three opportunities, occasional shortness of breath related to intense physical efforts and lost of weight; for all this reason he is remitted to the Hospital Neumológico Benéfico Jurídico with the diagnosis of lung cancer. When he arrives to our center we made him a frontal chest X ray and on right lateral view observing a right lung mediastinum homogeneous radiopacity, of well limited borders that was located in the anterior upper mediastinum and right pleural effusion of a little quantity, deciding his admission for study and treatment with the presumptive diagnosis of a mediastinum tumor, possibly of the thymus. There was done on anatomopathologycal study and was diagnose a thymosarcoma.
Conclusions: thymus tumors are few frequent malignant disease and they can present in non-elderly patients.
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