2013, Number 4
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: congenital varicella syndrome affects about 2% of children of mothers with primary infection of chickenpox. There is consensus on this pregnant ultrasound monitoring, recommending the assessment of fetal growth, head circumference and long- bone measurements, assessment of brain structures, characteristics of the liver, and amniotic fluid.
Objective: to evaluate the effects on fetus of maternal infection with varicella.
Material and Methods: a sixteen-year retrospective study was conducted including patients affected by chickenpox at any time of their pregnancy; they were assisted at genetic service at Ramón González Coro Hospital. Data from 133 patients evaluated were collected. The course of pregnancy and newborn could be known in 97 of them.
Results: out of the total of cases studied, postnatal outcomes were obtained in 95; fetal losses occurred in 2, one of them was described as congenital varicella syndrome. A visual deficit in one eye was described in one case during follow-up. Fetal varicella infection was found in about 2% of cases considering the latter referred.
Conclusions: fetal infection had a similar pattern to that reported in the literature regarding clinical and percentages. Pregnant women suffering from chickenpox infection need for better antenatal care, to ensure a good pregnancy outcome.
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