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>Journals >Revista de Hematología >Year 2015, Issue 3


Alvarado-Ibarra M, Trejo-Gómora J, López-Hernández M, Álvarez-Vera JL, Ortiz-Zepeda SM
Prognostic influence of CD20+ on survival free of relapse and on therapeutic results of adult patients with de novo acute lymphoblastic leukemia submitted to intensive chemotherapy
Rev Hematol Mex 2015; 16 (3)

Language: Español
References: 27
Page: 189-197
PDF: 500.24 Kb.


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ABSTRACT

Background: The close relation among phenotypic subgroups of acute lymphoblastic leukemia in particular impacts, in part, on prognosis. A phenotypic subgroup corresponds to the expression of the molecule of surface CD20, which is a specific antigen of cells of B linage, expressed in normal and malignant cells during differentiation of cells B.
Objective: To know the prognostic value of the antigen CD20 on survival free of relapse and on therapeutic failure in adult subjects with lymphoblastic acute leukemia de novo receiving intensive chemotherapy.
Material and method: A retrolective and comparative study, done from January 2004 to January 2014, that analyzed adult patients with diagnosis of acute lymphoblastic leukemia receiving an intensive chemotherapy protocol LAL 6 or LAL 10, attended at Hematology Service of National Medical Center 20 de Noviembre, ISSSTE, Mexico City. Patients were divided according to the intensity of expression of CD20 and then were subdivided taking as parameter 30% of expression of CD20 for the analysis of the study; survival free of relapse, survival free of event and overall survival, as well as other factors of bad prognosis, were analyzed.
Results: When comparing patients with expression of CD20 higher than 30% vs expression lower tan 30%, we found in a follow-up of five years, survival free of relapse of 24 months vs 50 months (p 0.02), survival free of event of 10 vs 36 months (p 0.003) and overall survival of 39 vs 53 months (p 0.03). Expression of surface marker CD20 higher tan 30% impacts significantly on survival free of relapse (10 vs 30 months, p 0.037), survival free of event (9 months vs 30 months, p 0.018) and overall survival (10 months vs 50 months, p 0.037) in patients submitted to protocol LAL 10.
Conclusions: Survival free of relapse, free of event and overall was better in patients with expression of CD20 lower than 30% younger than 35 years old.


Key words: de novo acute lymphoblastic leukemia, antigen CD20, survival free of relapse, intensive chemotherapy.


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