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>Journals >Revista de Hematología >Year 2016, Issue 2


Palmer J, Mesa R
Treatment approaches to polycythemia vera and myelofibrosis
Rev Hematol Mex 2016; 17 (2)

Language: Inglés
References: 60
Page: 129-138
PDF: 447.27 Kb.


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ABSTRACT

Myeloproliferative neoplasms consist of a diverse group of disorders. Over the last 10 years, with better understanding of pathophysiology of these disorders, there are many more treatment options available to patients with these diseases. Further, improved understanding of the underlying genetic landscape has led to improved prognostication which helps identify appropriate therapeutic options. For polycythemia vera, initial therapy generally includes aspirin and phlebotomy. However, in patients who do not achieve an appropriate response to phlebotomy, hydroxyurea or ruxolitinib can be considered. In patients who have myelofibrosis, therapy is determined by symptom burden. In patients who have significant constitutional symptoms, a JAK inhibitor, such as ruxolitinib is an appropriate choice. There are many novel therapies under investigation for patients with myelofibrosis, including anti-fibrotic agents, novel JAK inhibitors, telomerase inhibitors and allogeneic stem cell transplant.


Key words: polycythemia vera, myelofibrosis, treatment.


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