2018, Number 2
Rev Ciencias Médicas 2018; 22 (2)
Rodríguez LT, Salgueiro LLR
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ABSTRACTIntroduction: the social tolerance of alcohol consumption in our country and its consequences are the cause of the increase of pathological consumers. In our Primary Health Care family doctors are the essential pillar in preventive work and confrontation with the dependencies that are diagnosed. A multidisciplinary and intersectorial approach is necessary that includes the regulation of the production, marketing, propaganda, consumption and utilization of health resources necessary for the fight against alcoholism.
Objective: to estimate the provincial prevalence of alcoholic people recognized in a sample of doctor’s offices in the province and the situation of their management in Primary Health Care.
Method: a descriptive, cross-sectional study of a sample was carried out by conglomerates of alcoholics recognized in 180 doctor’s offices out of 636 in the province, representing 28.30 %, chosen at random, interviewing their doctor and family nurse by previously prepared students of higher years of Medicine.
Results: 2986 alcoholics were found in the 180 medical offices with an average of 16.58 per doctor's offices, which represented 1.58 % of their population. The main health actions are aimed at the education of alcoholics and their families regarding the health risks and the consequences of excessive alcohol intake, without achieving abstinence.
Conclusions: the experiences of the respondents, their efforts and insufficient results to face alcoholism in all its dimensions are analyzed and recommendations are made to condition the policy on the subject.