>Year 2015, Issue 5
Vázquez MAD, Vázquez MAR
Psychosocial factors in patients with fibromyalgia
Mul Med 2015; 19 (5)
PDF: 250.59 Kb.
Fibromyalgia is a common disease in the medical practice and its etiology remains dark, relating to the emotional factors. It was performed a cross-sectional study in patients with fibromyalgia in the Medical Ambulatory Center at "Carlos M. de Céspedes" Hospital, with the aim to identify the psychosocial factors that occur in them. There were studied some demographic variables, like the presence of depression, hopelessness and suicidal ideation, pain perception and vital events. The statistical analysis was used by percentages, and as inferential statistical, it was applied the Chi Square test. There was a prevalence of women about 35 and 44 years old, which had a job and a stable partner. 77.3% presented depression and 34.8% of the depressed patients expressed suicidal ideation. More than a half of the sample presented hopelessness. People with fibromyalgia and depression more often presented exaggerated pressure pain and a greatest amount of vital events than the non depressed patients. It is concluded that depression is highly prevalent in patients with fibromyalgia, apparently related to common ethiopathogenic mechanisms, which suggested that this entity is a disguised form of depression or that depression may be an adaptive response to fibromyalgia.
||fibromyalgia/psychology, fibromyalgia/diagnosis, fibromyalgia/ therapy.
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>Year 2015, Issue 5