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>Journals >Multimed >Year 2018, Issue 1

González EL, Mena GG, Sarmientos MY, Durán VWE, Romero GL
Dentomaxillofacial anomalies of primary health care in schoolchildren aged 6-12 years
Mul Med 2018; 22 (1)

Language: Español
References: 16
Page: 12-25
PDF: 116.12 Kb.

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Introduction: Dentomaxillofacial anomalies corresponding to the primary level of stomatological attention are very frequent in the mixed dentition and its epidemiology has been very little addressed in orthodontic investigations. Objective: to determine the prevalence of dentomaxillofacial anomalies and characterize the selected students. Method: A descriptive, observational and cross-sectional study was conducted among schoolchildren from 6 to 12 years old, belonging to 4 primary schools of the health area of the José Marti Teaching Polyclinic in Santiago de Cuba, from May 2015 to February 2016. The sample consisted of 676 schoolchildren with dentomaxillofacial anomalies. The variables studied were age, sex, skin color, dentomaxillofacial anomalies of the primary health care and etiology. The data was obtained through the clinical examination and the questioning in the field work and as a summary measure the percentage was used. Results: Among the main results, there was a high prevalence (64.6 %) of the primary care anomalies in the children studied, the most frequent being Class I syndrome with vestibuloversion and diastema (40.4 %), followed by simple anterior inverted occlusion (36.4 %), the sex most affected was male (55.3 %), the age of 6 years (28.6 %) and children of mixed skin (64.3 %). The most frequent etiological agents were deforming ora habits (42.5 %). Conclusions: It was concluded that these entities are frequent in primary care; so the dentist must be trained for early diagnosis and timely treatment.

Key words: malocclusion, primary health care, Moyers class I syndrome.

>Journals >Multimed >Year 2018, Issue 1

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